Donor Sperm

Sperm donation is an essential way to have a baby for many people. It enables pregnancy in women who are single or in same-sex relationships. For other couples with severe, untreatable male factor infertility, or in the cases when the male carries a hereditary disease that he doesn’t wish to pass on, sperm donation becomes the treatment of choice as well.

At NewLife Fertility, we accept Known Sperm Donors (i.e. a friend or relative) as well as donor sperm from a few, regulated and reputable sperm banks. Patients considering sperm donation should know that thorough screening is carried out and documented on all donor sperm samples available through sperm banks, according to Canadian Federal Regulations.

This screening involves a thorough family history, complete medical, social and sometimes psychological history, blood group information, genetic screening and screening for transmissible diseases. Thorough testing of Known Donors is also required.

As part of the regulated guidelines, all donated sperm must be quarantined for a period of 6 months to ensure that the donor still screens negative for infectious diseases such as HIV after initial testing. Clinics that store and distribute donor sperm are inspected by Health Canada every five years.

When choosing sperm from a sperm bank, you will have the opportunity to select your own donor from available samples. Catalogs are available online and can be requested by mail as well. Donor choice can be based on racial or ethnic background, physical or social characteristics, or previous history.

As part of the sperm donation process, patients considering this option must meet with a reproductive counselor, as does a Known Sperm Donor, when applicable. This is an important step in the process as the counselor will review all aspects of sperm donation treatment with you (not just from a medical perspective) and give you the tools to make decisions and better consider the impact of these decisions on your family in the short and long-term.

The Insemination Process

At your initial consultation, you will meet with your specialist who will take your entire gynecologic and fertility history. Baseline investigations may be performed to rule out any fertility issues, if necessary.

Once this is completed, you have met with our counselor, and you have chosen a donor, you will begin in our cycle monitoring program. Patients are responsible for shipping their sperm samples to the Clinic in preparation for their IUI or IVF cycle.

During cycle monitoring, you will come to the Clinic for regular transvaginal ultrasounds and blood tests so that your Specialist can determine the best timing for an IUI or IVF procedure.

If you are using a sperm donor with your IVF procedure, you will still administer fertility medications to prepare your eggs for retrieval. Once retrieved, your eggs will be combined with the donor sperm and the resulting embryos will be transferred back to your uterus for implantation.

For women undergoing IUI, the sperm is inserted directly into her uterus around the time of ovulation to enhance fertilization of the egg.

  • Women in a same-sex partnership
  • Single women
  • Men whose sperm is unlikely to fertilize an egg
  • Men who produce little or no sperm
  • Men with a family history of genetic disease
  • Men with past vasectomy or testicular failure
  • Men undergoing treatment for cancer
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